Reprobel is a collective management organisation
A collective management organisation is a specific type of company (in the case of Reprobel: a SC) that manages copyright and legal remuneration rights for a specific group of rightholders. A rightholder is the person who has created a copyright-protected work (i.e. the author) or who has acquired exploitation rights to this work via an agreement (e.g. a publisher or a collective management organisation). Reprobel is therefore not a public authority but a private company, albeit with a specific mission and with a mandate to collect the legal remunerations it manages.
The articles of association of Reprobel can be found here. In addition, Reprobel has a series of other organic documents, such as general rules, internal rules of the distribution colleges (Authors College and Publishers College), distribution rules, collection and pricing rules, and so on.
The Monitoring Department for collective management organisations at the Federal Ministry of Economy ensures that Reprobel complies with the law and its organic documents, and that its rates are objective.
Collective management organisations such as Reprobel are authorised by the competent Minister (of Economic Affairs) and operate under the supervision of the Monitoring Department and an auditor. They operate within a strict regulatory framework, in particular as regards their organisation, internal and external control, transparency and accounting standards. Their collections and distributions must be based on non-discriminatory criteria. This means, for example, that companies of the same size and sector must, in principle, be treated in a similar way, and that any deviations must be justifiable. The licence fees of collective management organisations must be objective and related to the economic value of both the acts covered by the licence and their management services.
If you have a complaint about Reprobel, you can submit it to the Monitoring Department or make use of our internal complaints procedure.
Collective management organisations are controlled by the rightholders they represent. In the case of Reprobel, its associates and board members are its member collective management organisations of authors and publishers.